China Photo Expeditions 2018
17-Day Xinjiang - Silk Road Expeditions
Departure on October 17
Group size: 8-12
Hightlights:

See the famous International Grand Bazaar and Livestock Sunday Bazaar.
Enjoy the Pamir Plateau scenery and visit lockal Tajik family.
See how the Kyrgyz local huners hunt for the animals by eagles and falcons.
Visit the biggest park in China, the populus euphratica.
Drive on the Tarim desert highway, see the vast Taklimakan Desert.
Explore the Tianshan Mysterious Grand Canyon.
Photo the camel train crossing the desert.
Visit "Painted Hills" in Zhangye Danxia Geology Park (Side trip).

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Itinerary of Silk Road Expedition 2018
Date Places Tour Hotel Note
10/17 Portland/Seattle Leave PDX at 10:15am, arive Seattle at 11:10am. Alaska Air #2148. LV SEA at 2:pm, Ahainan Airlines #496   Air
10/18 Sea/Beijing Arrive Beijing at 4:35pm. LV Beijing at 9:05pm, Hainan Air #7345   Air
10/19 Beijing/Urumqi Arrive Urumqi at 1:15am. Transfer to Hotel. Visit Xingjiang International Grand Bazaar in the afternoon. ***** Bus
10/20 Urumqi Riding to the famous scenic spot Heavenly Lake to enjoy the charm of the world heritage of nature. Heading back to Urumqi after lunch.  A fabulous ethnic show in Xinjiang grand theater in the afternoon (option). ***** Bus
10/21 Urumqi/Kashgar Catch a morning flight to Kashgar. Heading straight to Sunday bazaar both of livestock and the commodity bazaar.  Heading to fragrant concubine mausoleum, handy craftsman street and the old town. ***** Air/Bus
10/22 Kashgar/Taskurgan Heading to Pamir plateau to visit the Karakul lake (Att 11500F) , we will see the father of the glacier, Muztag Ata (ATT: 7509M) reflecting on the lake. We will also see the Brenko white sandy lake on the way.  Sunset at Golden Grass Marshland (Att 10500F). *** Bus
10/23 Taskurgan Taskurgant Sunrise on the Taskurgan castle. Visit to a Tajik family, stroll around to shoot more pics of local people, and scenery in vicinity. **** Bus
10/24 Taskurgan/Kashgar Review the imposing scenery like the snow-caps, the glacier, the white sand lake, and the colorful mountains along Karakrum high way. Stop by the little towns on the way. Visit the Atigar grand mosque and the night food market. ***** Bus
10/25 Kashgar/Aheqi Heading to Aheqi county, visit the village of eagle and falcon village of China.  Hit Aheqi in the afternoon.  Visit the hunter’s home.  The local people are different from Uyhgur and Tajik, as they are Kyrgyz people. **** Bus
10/26 Aheqi/Shaya Heading to a hunting site to see how the local hunters using their eagels and falcons to hunt for birds and rabbits.  Heading to Shaya town after lunch. **** Bus
10/27 Shaya Visit Sun Island or World Populus Euphratica Trees Park. **** Bus
10/28 Shaya/Kuqa Heading to Kuqa to visit the grand bazaar, the great mosque, as well as the Subashi ancient city. ***** Bus
10/29 Kuqa Heading to mysterious grand canyon of Tianshan mountain.  Visit the imposing salt water valley along the ride. ***** Bus
10/30 Kuqa/Lunnan/Luntai Heading to Lunnan to see the vast Taklamakent desert, and visit the euphratica tree park which is biggest populus euphratica park in China. You might happen to meet the shepherd shepherding his animals across the trees and dust. **** Bus
10/31 Luntai/Turpan Heading to Turpan via Korla in the morning. Hitting Turpan in the afternoon. Visit Maza village. **** Bus
11/01 Turpan/Shanshan
/Turpan
Heading to Shanshan to visit Kumtag desert scenic spot, taking photos of camels. Go back to Turpan visiting Jiaohe ancient city ruins in the afternoon. **** Bus
11/02 TurpanUrumqi Visit Karez Irrigation (one of three great ancient projects) in the morning. Ride back to Urumqi.  We may visit the Akan-teke horse and wild horse collection clubs (option) if we have time. ***** Bus
11/03 Urumqi/US Leave Urumqi at 9:05am, arrive Beijing at 12:45pm. Hainan Air #7346, LV Beijing at 3:50pm, arrive Seattle at 11:30am, Hainan Air #495. Leave Seattle at 2:55pm, Arr PDX at 3:50pm, Alaska Airlines #2697   Bus/Air
    Pre-Silk Road tour    
10/14 PDX/SEA Leave PDX at 10:15am, arrive Seattle at 11:10am. Alaska Air #2148. LV SEA at 2:00pm, Hainan Airlines #496   Air
10/15 SEA/Beijing/Lanzhou Arrive Beijing at 4:35pm. LV Beijing at 7:25pm, Arrive Lanzhou at 10:00pm. Transfer to hotel. **** Air/Bus
10/16 Lanzhou/Zhangye Fly to Zhangye, 12:15pm/1:30pm, FLT #ZH5007. Check in hotel. Zhangye Geopark for sunset. **** Air/Bus
10/17

Zhangye/Jiayuguan /Dunhuang

Sunrise at Zhangye Geopark. Bus to Jiayuguan, visit Jiayuguan Great Wall and Overhanging Great Wall. Bus to Dunhuang **** Bus
10/18 Dunhuang/Urumqi Visit Mogao Caves, Echoing-Sand Mountain and Crescent Lake. Fly to Urumqi at night 11:15pm, FLT QU2586. Arrive Urumqi at 12:55am on Oct. 19. ***** Bus/Air
11/03 Urumqi/US Leave Urumqi at 9:05am, arrive Beijing at 12:45pm. Hainan Air #7346, LV Beijing at 3:50pm, arrive Seattle at 11:30am, Hainan Air #495. Leave Seattle at 2:00pm, Arr PDX at 2:55pm, Alaska Airlines #2395   Air
 
Price: $4,290/person

Single room supplement: $650

Side trip price: $1100/perosn
Single room supplement for side trip $150
 

Departure will be on October 17, 2018 (side trip departure on October 14, 2018)

 
Tour package features:
  • Round-trip international airfare from Portland, Oregon, or from Seattle, plus all airfares in China.
  • Sightseeing tours by air-conditioned motor coach.
  • Fine meals during the whole trip.
  • Four-star and five-star hotels.
  • English-speak tour guide.
  • Medical insurance in China.
  • Itinerary can be adjusted if photo opportunities appear.
  • Silk Road tour deadline for registration is Sept. 17, 2018
  • Call Su Zhou at 503-639-8396, e-mail: zhousu@zhousu.us
  • Tour web site: http://www.zhousu.us and click on Tour, 2018 China.
  • Tips not included. We collect tips in advance, to be announced later.
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Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is a provincial-level autonomous region of China in the northwest of the country. It is the largest Chinese administrative division and the eighth largest country subdivision in the world, spanning over 1.6 million km2 (640,000 square miles). Xinjiang contains the disputed territory of Aksai Chin, which is administered by China. Xinjiang borders the countries of Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. The rugged Karakoram, Kunlun, and Tian Shan mountain ranges occupy much of Xinjiang's borders, as well as its western and southern regions. Xinjiang also borders Tibet Autonomous Region and the provinces of Gansu and Qinghai. The most well-known route of the historical Silk Road ran through the territory from the east to its northwestern border. In recent decades, abundant oil and mineral reserves have been found in Xinjiang, and it is currently China's largest natural gas-producing region.
It is home to a number of ethnic groups, including the Uyghur, Kazakhs, Tajiks, Hui, Kyrgyz, Mongols, Han, and Russians. More than a dozen autonomous prefectures and counties for minorities are in Xinjiang. Older English-language reference works often refer to the area as "Chinese Turkestan". Xinjiang is divided into the Dzungarian Basin in the north and the Tarim Basin in the south by a mountain range. Only about 9.7% of Xinjiang's land area is fit for human habitation.

Urumqi is the capItal city of Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region in northwest China, with a population of 4 million. As home to 49 minority ethnic groups, this graceful prairie city is an important stop along the ancient Silk Road, leading to Central Asia and even as far as Europe.  It’s regarded as the farthest city from any ocean in the world.
In the middle of Bogda Peak, 68miles east of Urumqi, nestles Heavenly Lake. Covering 1.89 square miles, this crescent-shaped water area deserves its name, Pearl of Heavenly Mountain (Tianshan Mountain). With melted snow as its source, Heavenly Lake enjoys crystal water.
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Kashgar is an oasis city in Xinjiang and is the westernmost Chinese city, located near the border with Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. With a population of over 500,000, Kashgar has a rich history of over 2,000 years and served as a trading post and strategically important city on the Silk Road between China, the Middle East, and Europe.

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Taskurgan means “Stone Tower” in the Turkic languages. Tashkurgan is the seat of Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County where is located in the eastern part of the Pamir Plateau. It is situated at an altitude of 10,140 ft on the borders of both Afghanistan and Tajikistan, and close to the border of Kyrgyzstan and Pakistan. Tashkurgan is a market town for sheep, wool and woolen goods, particularly carpets, and is surrounded by orchards. The majority population in the town are ethnic Mountain Tajiks.  Today Tashkurgan is on the Karakoram Highway which follows the old Silk Road route from China to Pakistan.

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Kuqa (pronounced ku-cheh) is a small and important town along the ancient Silk Road in the Han Dynasty, and it is a largely Uigur population. The fourth-century linguist and scholar Kumarajiva , who came from here, was one of the most famous of all Chinese Buddhists.  By the early Tang Dynasty, Kuqa was a major centre of Buddhism in China. Reported the existence of two huge Buddha statues, twenty-seven meters high, guarding its entrances.  The city even had its own Indo-European language. With the arrival of Islam in the ninth century, however, this era finally began to draw to a close, and today only a few traces of Kuqa's glorious past remain.
Kuqa Great Mosque: The second largest mosque in Xinjiang.  The mosque is believed to be constructed in the 1500s. The adobe architecture was renovated into a wooden structure in 1700s.  The mosque is an Islamic-style building with green surface and a dome on the top. The prayer hall is about 1,500sqm and can hold as many as 3,000 persons. Inside the mosque, a ruin of a religious court is visible.

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Taklimakan Desert, The Desert in northwest China fills the expansive Tarim Basin between the Kunlun Mountains and the Tibetan Plateau to the south and the Tian Shan (Celestial Mountains) to the north. It is china’s largest sand desert and one of the eight biggest deserts in the world. The Taklimakan’s rolling sand dunes stretch out over 3, 376, 000 square kilometers. This desert is located farther from the ocean than almost any other place on Earth. As a result, some parts of the region receive less than 10 millimeters of precipitation a year.
Luntai County, is located in the south of Tianshan Mountain; the north rim of the Tarim Basin, here is the world's largest, the densest, the best existing “tertiary living fossil”, that is, more than 27,000 hectares of natural poplar forest. Poplar forest in Tarim River Basin is a typical desert forest meadow vegetation types, distribute from upstream to downstream river valley. Although poplar forest structure is relatively simple, it has a strong zonality ecological characteristic. Populus Euphratica Park is located in the core position of the Tarim Poplar Protect Reserve, across the middle of the Tarim River, opened in 1997.

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Turpan: Also known as Turfan or Tulufan, is a prefecture-level city located in the east of Xinjiang, China. It has an area of 26,766 sq mi and a population of 570,000 (2003). It is an important trade center located along the Silk Road. It owes its curious longevity to an ingenious irrigation system once prevalent throughout Central Asia. Here 5,000 kilometres of underground tunnels channel glacier water from the high mountains down to the valley, sustaining a population of over 250,000 people and the grapes for which the area is famed.Surrounding the town are numerous fascinating sites including ruined desert cities, ancient Buddhist caves, and Jiaohe Ruins, World heritage of history, ancient remains in the middle of desert. We are going to visit the Mount Sand Park which is located at Kumtag Desert in Shanshan county,taking photos of a row of camels crossing the desert. Kumtag desert has been developed as a tourist resort where visitors can have a full view of the magnificence of the desert without actually venturing out into it.

Su’s Note:  I took a similar route to Xinjiang in 2016 in the same season.  There were a lot of photo opportunities, such as the unique White Sand Lake, Populus Park and so on.  Especially, when I visited the bazaars, the old towns, and stopped on the roads.  It was the first time to see the Xinjiang people making and baking the Nan bread (Xinjiang pizza), witness how they roasted lamb, and how they used their special way of bargaining in the markets.  I saw from time to time a large drying red peppers, looking like the red “sea”, but I also often saw a large white cotton field.  The sheep in Populus forest shuttle, also ran on the road sharing the space with me.  I found the fruit in Xinjiang were very sweet and juicy, the “BBQ” lambs were very tasty and inexpensive.  There were many check points on the road, and when I checked in hotels, my luggage needed to be gone through the X-ray machine.  I saw armed police on guard at every block of streets, and I felt very safe.  Xinjiang is located Northwest China, it uses its own time zone, which is two hours later than Beijing time.
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Pre-Silk Road Tour Information-- Zhangye  

Zhangye, is a prefecture-level city in central Gansu Province in China. It borders inner Mongolia on the north and Qinghai on the south, midway through Hexi Corridor. Its central district is Ganzhou, formerly a city of the Western Xia and one of the most important outposts of western China. Population:4.46 million, total area: 16,177 sq mi.
As an important commercial port on the ancient Silk Road, Zhangye has rich historic sites and amazing natural sceneries. The famous tourist attractions in the city include the Wooden Pagoda Temple, Danxia National Geological Park, Bell and Drum Tower, Shandan Buddha Temple and Shandan Horse Farm, and Giant Buddha Temple.
The Zhangye National Geopark is located in Sunan and Linze counties within Zhangye. It covers an area of 124 sq mi known for its unusual colorful rock formations which are smooth, sharp and several hundred meters tall. It is the result of deposits of sandstone and other minerals that occurred over 24 million years. It has been voted by Chinese media outlets as one of the most beautiful landforms in China, and listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2009.
The core area of the park, Linze Danxia Scenic Area, is located 19 mi west of downtown Zhangye. It is the most developed and most visited part of the park. There are four sightseeing platform having been built on the top of some higher mountains. Travelers need to hike up some uprising winding stone steps to get to the top of the platform. Traveler can ake the park bus to transfer between sightseeing platforms.  A second scenic area, Binggou, located on the north bank of Liyuan River, was officially inaugurated on 3 August 2014. Binggou covers an area of 120 sq mi, and its elevation ranges from 1,500 to 2,500 meters above sea level.  A third area, Sunan Danxia Scenic Area, is located in Ganjun, south of Linze.

Jiayuguan
Jiayuguan is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Gansu province, with a population of 231,853 as of 2010. It is most famous for the nearby Jiayu Pass, the largest and most intact pass of the Great Wall of China. Jiayu Pass is standing at the western end of the Ming Dynasty Great Wall. Different from the well-known sections built with stones or bricks, Jiayuguan Great Wall was built with rammed earth, making yellow its dominant hue and helping the pass blend harmoniously with the surrounding desert. The city where the pass is located is named after the pass, also called Jiayuguan, consisted of three defense lines: an inner city, an outer city , and a moat. The pass is trapezoid-shaped with a perimeter of 2,405 ft and an area of more than 361,000 sq ft. The length of the city wall is 2,405 ft and the height is 36 ft.
The Great Wall in Jiayuguan consists of 3 parts: Jiayuguan Fort, First Strategic Post of the Great Wall, and the Overhanging Great Wall. More inf: https://www.crawfordcreations.org/jiayuguan-great-wall/

Dunhuang
Dunhuang is a county-level city in northwestern Gansu Province, Western China. The 2000 Chinese census reported a population of 187,578 in this city. Dunhuang was a major stop on the ancient Silk Road and is best known for the nearby Mogao Caves. It has also been known at times as Shazhou and, in Uyghur, Dukhan.
Dunhuang is situated in a oasis containing Crescent Lake and Mingsha Shan ( meaning "Singing-Sand Mountain"), named after the sound of the wind whipping off the dunes, the singing sand phenomenon. Dunhuan commands a strategic position at the crossroads of the ancient Southern Silk Route and the main road leading from India via Lhasa to Mongolia and Southern Siberia, as well as controlling the entrance to the narrow Hexi Corridor, which led straight to the heart of the north Chinese plains and the ancient capitals of Chang'an (today known as Xi'an) and Luoyang.
Dunhuang has a cold desert climate, with an annual total precipitation of 2.64 in, the majority of which occurs in summer; precipitation occurs only in trace amounts and quickly evaporates. Winters are long and cold, with a 24-hour average temperature of 17.1 °F in January, while summers are hot, with a July average of 76.3 °F; the annual mean is 49.1 °F. The diurnal temperature variation averages 29.0 °F annually. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 69% in March to 82% in October, the city receives 3,258 hours of bright sunshine annually, making it one of the sunniest nationwide.
The Mogao Caves, also known as the Thousand Buddha Grottoes or Caves of the Thousand Buddhas, form a system of 492 temples 16 mi southeast of the center of Dunhuang, an oasis strategically located at a religious and cultural crossroads on the Silk Road, in Gansu province, China. The caves may also be known as the Dunhuang Caves, however, this term is also used as a collective term to include other Buddhist cave sites in and around the Dunhuang area, such as the Western Thousand Buddha Caves, Eastern Thousand Buddha Caves, Yulin Caves, and Five Temple Caves. The caves contain some of the finest examples of Buddhist art spanning a period of 1,000 years. The first caves were dug out in 366 AD as places of Buddhist meditation and worship. The Mogao Caves are the best known of the Chinese Buddhist grottoes and, along with Longmen Grottoes and Yungang Grottoes, are one of the three famous ancient Buddhist sculptural sites of China.